Not surprisingly, many companies have tried to reduce costs and optimize their testing projects. Admittedly, there are many open source tools available, some of which seem reasonably well supported; but if you’re a tester considering switching to open source tools, it’s important to think about the expectations and realities (pros and cons).
Here, the source code is easily accessible and organizations can also develop and customize some products to meet their individual specifications.
However, the use of open source products has major short comings. “Before moving to open source testing tools, it is important that automation testers fully consider the long-term implications.” Sometimes what seems more economical can actually cost an organization, downtime, product failures, or restarting a project with another software tool.
Many open-source automated functional test tools are designed for specific environments, such as the Web, although they may be useful if it is the only type of application to test, if you need to test developed applications in many different environments, the utility of the tool will become quite limited. In comparison, most of the industry-leading proprietary tools, such as IBM’s Rational Robot, support a variety of environments, including Web, Java, .NET, Windows Standard, and Windows applications. This offers a great benefit of having to learn the tool only once and being able to test the full range of applications. It also offers the opportunity to develop comprehensive automated tests covering multiple systems.
There is still concern about the lack of adequate and high quality training for open source tools. Many automation testing tools are complicated to use, have programming languages to learn, and must be configured and deployed in accordance with industry best practices.
Automation vs UI testing
There are two approaches to automation testing. The code-controlled test used to validate the returned results and the user interface or UI test used to verify that the observable behavior of the program is correct.
Test automation process is one of many new technologies used to analyze and evaluate test results, which seems to be a valuable help for companies. Private organizations, businesses and even governments are able to produce quick results through the use of this system.
This process is most often used in systems that function by operating, regression, exception or negative tests, performance and load tests. Functional testing is the process by which the operations performed meet expectations. Regression tests take place when the behavior of the system remains the same. On the other hand, an exception or negative test forces the error condition across the system. The stress tests determine the capabilities of the operating infrastructure and the application.
While UI testing is an essential part of automation testing that deals with creation of software applications. It is at this stage that a particular software application is tested for the effectiveness of the user interaction. This means that everything will be tested, from the interaction of the keyboard with the mouse, as well as the way in which the text on the screen will be displayed, as well as the images, the menus, the buttons, the icons, the toolbars, dialog boxes and many others.
The user interface test has different sections, which are sometimes also part of the GUI software test. In the GUI tests, the graphics and all items displayed on the screen are being tested. This is also done during the user interface tests. The first section concerns compliance standards, which consist of tests performed for the application, windows displayed during software execution, text boxes, radio options or buttons, control buttons, check boxes and in the drop-down menu list box and many others.
The second part generally consists in validating the screen on which different tests are carried out, including the aesthetic conditions. Here, the color, the backgrounds of fields and the alignment of groups of text boxes are checked in the wallpaper.
The UI test is really important because it tells manufacturers if a specific application is available to customers or users who will use the product. There is usually a team or group of people in charge of the process. They will perform a variety of activities that will determine how well the program responds to clicks and keyboarding. There are also tests like color, font and spell check. Since there is so much testing to do, there is now a simple way to do it through automated user interfaces testing.
Advantages of automation testing for software testing companies
Automated testing has many benefits for software companies. For example, product automation testing is an extremely reliable system. The tests perform similar operations exactly as they are performed. With the help of this exact method, they are used to mitigate manual or human interference failures in tasks that may occur during product manufacture
Ease of use
Automated Testing (AT) is a process in which automated tools are used to test a software application that compares actual results with expected results. An automated test tool repeats the set of predefined actions called “Test Scripts” and “Test Cases” in the software and ends successfully or fails based on actual and predicted results. These test scripts are written by software testers using certain tools and, once created, the automation tests can be repeated and updated to implement difficult test tasks.
These tests are also repeatable. In addition, this type of test is programmable and you can organize difficult tests that can reveal secret information directly from the test itself. You can create various tests that can be used to hide all the attributes associated with your application. These tests are reusable for different versions of an application. There is nothing to fear if the user interface changes because it would not matter and the tests would remain reusable.
To improve any product other than the company to which it belongs, it must pass a series of product automation tests to ensure its excellence. They are also performed for quality assurance tests. Essentially, it would be useful to have an automated quality assurance test for users, as advances in computer technology are very fast.
To balance your expectations and reality on test automation, it is important to have a good understanding of the product and its good quality resources, so full training is required.
It’s also important to note that many proprietary tool providers are quickly adding exciting new features to their products in order to compete with the growing number of smaller, open source vendor offerings. It can only be a good thing.