Must have skills for automation testers

automation testers skills

An automation tester is essentially a quality assurance (QA) professional whose job is to ensure the quality and feasibility of the software program. This ensures other people, such as software managers, software developers, and stakeholders, do not worry about quality control or virtual errors and bugs in their software systems; making the automation testing a preferable way.

As a software tester, you must verify that the basic functionality of the software applications is working properly. You will also need to consider the needs of users and make sure that the applications meet their needs. You will need to work closely with the software developers to verify that the software codes are working properly and integrate well or not. The software project must meet the standards and specific requirements outlined above. With quality assurance training, you will be able to understand all the subtleties of software testing. A quality assurance training program also provides the prerequisites for a software tester and you must choose a certified and approved training course.

As an automated tester, you must understand the QA automation framework, or usually a test automation framework; which are instructions that you can follow when creating scripts to achieve the “desired” results mentioned above. This set of guidelines can look like –

  • Encoding templates, such as variable names, must start with the type of variable (for example, boolVar, and flFlag); function names must begin with fn (for example, fnCalculateSum).
  • The formats of your data sheets, such as your workbooks and the individual sheets they contain are grouped together.
  • The folder structure to store test scripts, reusable libraries, object repositories, and test results.
  • How the execution results should be saved and displayed.
  • How all members of the team should access these shared repositories, these libraries and how to update them.

A tester typically captures many minute details that a developer would have ignored. Many developers claim to have tested the code of their unit and are ready to go out of the world without having to look at it. But once that falls under the scanner of a tester, the errors reverberate in the cabinet. Other skills you’ll need to be a pioneer in the QA Automation Industry are mentioned below.

Social skills

Developers and technical managers (most of them, in my experience) consider testers a necessary evil. They do not like insects; they do not like to be followed. It takes some time for the testers to gain the respect of the developer community. This requires that they build a personal relationship and get involved within a team. Only then can the work be convincingly completed.

Technical skills

Testers must understand the technology of the tested product. It helps you to understand databases, application servers, web servers, XML, the basics of the programming language used, understand which log files are generated by the application and where to look and understand the different levels of logging.

In addition, if you need to develop automation packages for regression testing, you must learn new automation testing tools and languages, their limits, work around them, and so on.

Parts of the technical skills are… Regression testing techniques…

The type of software test technique used after implementing new features or modifying existing features is called regression testing. Its purpose is to ensure that any code change does not cause side effects and does not interfere with the proper functioning of the entire system and its components.

The regression test is also done after some bug fixes. This is done to verify that the problems have been completely removed. In addition, the bug fix procedure should not affect the existing features.

To effectively execute the software product procedure after any change or modification, various techniques may be applied.

What are the regression test techniques?

  • Retest everything
  • Test selection
  • Priority of test cases

The method of retrying all the test cases designed as a whole is very expensive and time-consuming as it requires a lot of effort and resources. If the deadline approaches, this technique will not be effective.

But instead of reusing the complete set, it is better to use only the specified tests, which can be broken down into obsolete and reusable test cases. Experts must be careful and only rerun reusable tests.

The most successful technique is the selection of test cases according to their priority. In such a situation, experts reuse only important scripts based on business goals, key features, and so on. As a result, testing takes less time and resources.

Domain knowledge

It is extremely important to understand the field in which the product is served, the functionality not only of the functionality you are testing as a tester, but also to understand how the part is connected in the overall scenario. Understand how the customer would use the product and understand the requirements. Do not hesitate to ask questions in case of doubt. I’ve seen it myself many times, even product managers would not have thought of certain scenarios. They wonder when the testers ask questions.

Problem solving

When a feature does not work as expected, the tester must be able to provide enough information to the developer. Sometimes there may be obvious mistakes; sometimes there may not be any. It is important to provide the correct pointers – log files, snapshots of the user interface, etc. as much as possible to help developers.

Passion to learn

This is the most obvious of all. If you do not learn, you do not become an excellent tester. The more you know about the field and the technology, the more respect you will have. So keep learning to succeed.


The software test is considered an excellent job prospect and the chances of going to a higher level are very high. There is also a growing demand for niche skills and tips for testing software. Even in this segment, there are special areas and scripts, test automation specialists are in high demand, as well as programmers in Java, Shell, VB, Perl and Python.

The job testing software offers excellent prospects and, with the right quality assurance skills, you are ready to embark on a successful and well-paid career.

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Prakash Pilley